CBD Glossary

Whether you’re a newcomer to the world of hemp, or a cannabinoid aficionado, understanding the terminology is extremely helpful to navigate the ever-changing cannabis industry!

This glossary provides a list of the most commonly used terms to help guide you in your research of hemp and CBD products.

CBD and its related terms are some of the buzziest buzzwords out there. And for good reason: CBD products have gained a lot of attention recently for their overall health and wellness benefits.

And to be a smart CBD shopper, you’ve gotta know the lingo. So whether you’re new to the world of CBD or just looking for a refresher course, we’ve got you covered on the vocab to empower you as you shop.

Please note that this is a living glossary, so be sure to bookmark this page and circle back often for further updates!

Agricultural Hemp

Refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes and legal for use in all 50 states and more than 40 countries.

CBC

Short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.

CBD

Short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis; does not result in euphoria and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.

CBD-A

Short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.

CB1

Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).

CB2

Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).

CBG

Short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.

Chlorophyll

Refers to groups of green pigmented molecules found in plants and algae, that is important for plant photosynthesis.

Cannabis Sativa L

A species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are both sub species however different plants entirely.

CO2 Extraction

Method used to extract our CBDfx™ concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.

Decarboxylation

Removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound; the process used to convert the CBD-A in our CBDfx™ Raw to our CBDfx™ Total Plant Complex.

Distilled Oil

The highest concentration of CBD; this is the ultimate step in refining CBD oil, where excess plant material is distilled in a solvent-free process.

Endocannabinoid

Naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.

Endocannabinoid System

Refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.

Endogenous

If something is endogenous, it has an internal cause or origin. It means “originating within the organism itself.”

Entourage Effect

Refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.

Fatty Acid

Long hydrocarbon chain, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end; important part of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).

Farm Bill

United States Congress voted at the end of December 2018 to pass the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, more commonly referred to as the Farm Bill. This legislation made CBD products legal to purchase in all 50 states.

FDA

The government’s relationship with the cannabis industry is constantly evolving; learn more about how the FDA is handling cannabis and CBD products on the FDA’s website.

Full spectrum

CBD that’s full of all the terpenes, cannabinoids, flavonoids, and fatty acids found in hemp, all of which have a therapeutic value of their own and help create what’s known as the entourage effect.

Hemptourage Effect

Refers to the “entourage effect” of compounds present in hemp-derived CBD oil to optimize health and wellness.

Hemp

A distinct strain of the Cannabis sativa plant often grown for industrial use. The hemp used in CBD products must contain less than 3% THC.

Hemp seed oil

Derived from industrial hemp, the hemp seed oil is created by pressing the plant’s seeds. It has no therapeutic benefits but is often used as a dietary supplement and low-saturated-fat cooking oil.

Marijuana

A general term that refers to female Cannabis sativa plants that produce flowers containing phytocannabinoids that are used for their medicinal and psychoactive properties.

Microdosing

A technique that involves consuming small servings of CBD supplements throughout the day. Microdosing can be beneficial because it allows the user to maintain stable CBD levels in your system around the clock. 

Nutraceutical

Also known as dietary supplements, these are food-derived products that offer extra health benefits in addition to their existing nutritional value.

Plant Sterol

Cholesterol-like compounds are naturally occurring in plants and support the reduction of LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol), without significantly affecting HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol).

THC

Short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use.

Terpene

A large and diverse class of strong smelling organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants and insects.

Raw Oil

A whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.

Salve

An ointment made from the cannabis plant to be applied directly to the skin.

Strain

Industrial hemp, for example, is a strain bred to contain more CBD and less THC than other varieties, making it useful for medicinal products and legal under the Farm Bill.

Sublingual

A method for administering drugs by mouth. It involves placing a substance under the tongue, where it can be readily absorbed into the blood vessels and begin to circulate throughout the body.

Vitamin E

Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, and our CBDfx™ products.

Non-Psychotoxic

Does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”

2-AG

A derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.